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France and the Cult of the Sacred HeartAn Epic Tale for Modern Times$
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Raymond Jonas

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780520221369

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520221369.001.0001

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Rome, War, and the Onset of the Terrible Year

Rome, War, and the Onset of the Terrible Year

(p.147) Rome, War, and the Onset of the Terrible Year
France and the Cult of the Sacred Heart

Raymond Jonas

University of California Press

This chapter talks about the Terrible Year, which started a period of intense reflection on France, its past, and its spiritual and moral well-being. This was also the time when France went to war against Germany, and suffered defeat, invasion, and occupation that were surpassed only in 1940. The chapter discusses the War of 1840–71 and states that the Catholic hierarchy suspected that the military defeat suffered by the French forces had moral origins. Monsignor Fourier helped shape the effort of moral renewal, while Alexandre Legentil vowed to build a church dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus if the city was spared occupation. The partisans of Italian unity, the outrageous bargain struck by Napoleon III, the revolution in the papal states, and the battle in Loigny are also covered.

Keywords:   Terrible Year, War of 1840–71, Catholic hierarchy, moral origins, Monsignor Fourier, Alexandre Legentil, Napoleon III, papal states, battle in Loigny

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