This chapter provides detailed information on the origin of the offertory. The offertory verse selects three portions of the biblical original, stitching them together into a new creation. The first portion is allowed to remain integral, and the second two change the verb from third person to imperative, thus making of them a prayer addressed to the Lord. The Roman and Gregorian versions of the offertory Exaudi deus are in the same tonality, that of G-final, whether authentic or plagal, and show undeniable evidence of melodic relationship. The Lenten offertory cycle, with its forty-five assignments, is more than twice the length of the Christmastime cycle, and is reasonably well supplied with originally assigned chants. Seven out of forty-five assignments are obviously late borrowings, such as those for the six Thursdays and the second Sunday. These are dates added to the liturgy after the substantial completion of the Roman Mass Proper and hence are not at issue when dealing with the original chants of any item of the Mass Proper.
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