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The Advent ProjectThe Later Seventh-Century Creation of the Roman Mass Proper$
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James McKinnon

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780520221987

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520221987.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 18 May 2022

The First Centuries

The First Centuries

(p.19) CHAPTER 1 The First Centuries
The Advent Project

James Mckinnon

University of California Press

This chapter presents several conditions that are necessary before even the most elementary liturgical Proper can come into existence. The first requirement is the development of stable orders of worship such as in the case of the Eucharist or Mass, which would involve especially the establishment of a pre-eucharistic service of readings and discourse, in which the singing of a responsorial psalm would be a discrete and prescribed event. The second requirement is the development of an annual round of festal commemorations comprising the Paschaltime cycle, the Christmas or Epiphany cycle, and the dates on which particularly revered martyrs enjoyed their dies natalis. The development of a Proper is the last stage in a general process of liturgical stabilization, a process that involves a profound conflict between the tendency toward spiritual freedom and evangelical enthusiasm and the desire for order, predictability, and control. The Eucharist of apostolic times continued the tradition of the Last Supper in that it was celebrated in conjunction with a common evening meal.

Keywords:   Eucharist, Paschaltime cycle, spiritual freedom, liturgical stabilization, responsorial psalm

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