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The Advent ProjectThe Later Seventh-Century Creation of the Roman Mass Proper$
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James McKinnon

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780520221987

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520221987.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 24 May 2022

The Later Fourth Century

The Later Fourth Century

(p.35) CHAPTER 2 The Later Fourth Century
The Advent Project

James Mckinnon

University of California Press

This chapter focuses on liturgical developments in the later fourth century, including psalmody of the Fore-Mass and communion time. Monastic psalmody had a specific influence on two liturgical developments of the later fourth century, including the daily ecclesiastical Office and the popular psalmodic vigil. The psalmody of the Fore-Mass is a more complex subject than communion psalmody. The many patristic texts that refer to it raise questions on a few issues of basic importance, including the number of psalms that were typically sung at each service, the nature of the historical shift from psalm as reading to psalm as chant, and the typical manner of Fore-Mass psalmody. Another issue is the degree of continuity or discontinuity between the psalmody of the ancient Fore-Mass and the chants of the early medieval Roman Mass Proper. The classic assumption about the structure of the ancient Fore-Mass, formulated by Louis Duchesne, is that the readings and chants are followed by a symmetrical fivefold sequence which includes Old Testament reading, psalm, New Testament reading, psalm, and gospel.

Keywords:   Old Testament reading, New Testament reading, Fore-Mass psalmody, communion time, Roman Mass Proper

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