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The Advent ProjectThe Later Seventh-Century Creation of the Roman Mass Proper$
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James McKinnon

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780520221987

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520221987.001.0001

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Dating the Mass Proper I

Dating the Mass Proper I

Advent and the Thursdays in Lent

Chapter:
(p.125) CHAPTER 6 Dating the Mass Proper I
Source:
The Advent Project
Author(s):

James Mckinnon

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520221987.003.0007

The earlier-eighth-century Roman repertory as it is adopted in Frankish manuscripts was the earliest, dated to about 800. The two repertories and their liturgical assignments (Roman and Frankish) are virtually identical, but it is the exceptions that are the most revealing. The Lenten Thursdays in any event are established as liturgical in about 720 and consequently require Mass Propers. They borrow these from previously existing chants, the consensus among liturgical and musical historians. The Lenten six are obvious additions to a previously arranged series and fill in gaps in the numerical series of twenty-six psalmic communions that extends from Ash Wednesday to the Friday before Palm Sunday. The Advent–Christmas season has a special place in the Roman Mass Proper, and its chants display a level of compositional planning and a perfection of execution not met with elsewhere in the annual cycle. The Advent–Christmas communions fall into two distinct groups that include the ten chants of Advent and Christmas day, and the nine post-Christmas chants.

Keywords:   Roman repertory, Frankish manuscripts, Lenten Thursdays, Mass Propers, Advent–Christmas season

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