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The Advent ProjectThe Later Seventh-Century Creation of the Roman Mass Proper$
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James McKinnon

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780520221987

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520221987.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 18 May 2022

The Introit

The Introit

(p.195) CHAPTER 8 The Introit
The Advent Project

James Mckinnon

University of California Press

This chapter gives an introduction to the origin of Roman introit. The 144 introits of the core repertory (those shared by the Roman and Frankish sources) are notably uniform in style, never extremely syllabic nor extravagantly melismatic, but rather consistently neumatic, with only the occasional melisma or brief syllabic passage. The formulaicism of the Roman Paschaltime introits increases the number of interesting tendencies, such as the more important liturgical occasions like Easter; the feasts of Philip and James, Ascension, and Pentecost are relatively free of melodic formulas, whereas ferias, ordinary Sundays, and lesser sanctoral dates employ them regularly. The presence of alleluias in the introit texts of Paschaltime is an added factor in the quantity of formulaicism in the season and is clearly an indication to employ formulas. Roman introits themselves are comparatively unformulaic when compared to a genuinely formulaic genre such as the gradual or tract. The Roman sanctoral melodies share the temporal chants' tendencies.

Keywords:   Roman introit, Roman sanctoral melodies, Roman Paschaltime introit, liturgical occasions, melodic formulas

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