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Permissible DoseA History of Radiation Protection in the Twentieth Century$
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Samuel Walker

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780520223288

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520223288.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 26 September 2021

The Debate over Nuclear Power and Radiation

The Debate over Nuclear Power and Radiation

Chapter:
(p.29) Chapter Two The Debate over Nuclear Power and Radiation
Source:
Permissible Dose
Author(s):

J. Samuel Walker

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520223288.003.0002

The fallout controversy with respect to nuclear power and radiation of the 1950s and early 1960s largely disappeared as a prominent public policy issue after the Limited Test Ban Treaty of 1963. But many questions about the consequences of fallout remained unresolved, and the debate left a legacy of ongoing scientific inquiry and latent public anxiety about the health effects of low-level radiation. The major issue was the hazards of radioactive effluents released from nuclear power plants. The Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), which the 1954 Atomic Energy Act had made responsible both for encouraging the development of nuclear power and for certifying its safety, stood at the center of the new debate over radiation risks. Critics emphasized the AEC's dual and inherently conflicting mandate to promote and to regulate nuclear power technology in their indictments of the agency's performance.

Keywords:   Limited Test Ban Treaty, Atomic Energy Commission, debate, nuclear power, energy

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