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Permissible DoseA History of Radiation Protection in the Twentieth Century$
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Samuel Walker

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780520223288

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520223288.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 22 September 2021

The Role of Federal Agencies in Radiation Protection

The Role of Federal Agencies in Radiation Protection

(p.67) Chapter Three The Role of Federal Agencies in Radiation Protection
Permissible Dose

J. Samuel Walker

University of California Press

The radiation controversies of the 1950s and 1960s had focused on the Atomic Energy Commission's (AEC) programs, and the AEC had played the most visible role among the various federal agencies involved in radiation safety. The creation of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) gave the AEC a potentially strong rival. The new agency took over the duties of the Federal Radiation Council, and its functions included the protection of the population from environmental radioactivity. The scope of the EPA's regulatory mandate under Nixon's reorganization plan extended, potentially at least, to all sources of radiation. Despite the breadth of its mandate, radiation protection was not a priority issue for the EPA. The importance of radiation safety to the EPA and the ambiguity of its role under Reorganization Plan No. 3 soon led to contention with other agencies. The Department of Health, Education, and Welfare has disputed the EPA's claim that its responsibilities included medical uses of radiation. Differences also quickly arose between the EPA and the AEC over their respective roles in radiation protection.

Keywords:   Atomic Energy Commission, Environmental Protection Agency, radiation, protection, difference

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