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Permissible DoseA History of Radiation Protection in the Twentieth Century$
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Samuel Walker

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780520223288

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520223288.001.0001

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New Controversies, New Standards

New Controversies, New Standards

Chapter:
(p.91) Chapter Four New Controversies, New Standards
Source:
Permissible Dose
Author(s):

J. Samuel Walker

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520223288.003.0004

By the late 1970s, the hazards of low-level radiation became a highly noticeable and a severely debated issue. There is a public debate about the low-level radiation which was triggered by complaints of “atomic soldiers” who had been exposed to radiation while witnessing nuclear weapons tests during 1950s and by a series of studies that lifted new apprehensions about the hazards of small dozes. In an atmosphere of continuing controversy and unavoidable uncertainty, both the Environmental Protection Agency and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission undertook major revisions of their regulations on radiation protection. Both incorporated new findings and approaches, but neither escaped criticism for policies that were in some minds overly lax and in others unduly stringent.

Keywords:   radiation, regulations, hazards, debate, Environmental Protection Agency, Nuclear Regulatory Commission

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