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Fascist ModernitiesItaly, 1922-1945$
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Ruth Ben-Ghiat

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780520223639

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520223639.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

Toward a Fascist Culture

Toward a Fascist Culture

(p.16) (p.17) 1 Toward a Fascist Culture
Fascist Modernities

Ruth Ben-Ghiat

University of California Press

This chapter discusses the evolution of the Benito Mussolini regime's patronage structure and examines how Italians' critiques of foreign mass societies played a role in the definition of fascist models of modernity. Mussolini's 1927 Ascension Day speech clarified the larger goals that inspired visions of collective change in Italy, presenting domestic and foreign policy measures as two sides of one totalitarian vision of national regeneration. The concern with degeneration that pervades this speech also stemmed from Mussolini's fears of a subversion of racial hierarchies. This chapter suggests that it was the dystopias of Russia, America, and Germany that Italians hoped to avoid.

Keywords:   Benito Mussolini, patronage structure, foreign mass societies, fascist models, modernity, foreign policy, national regeneration, dystopias

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