This chapter examines the ways in which the films participated in Benito Mussolini's regeneration campaign and in the creation of a distinctly Italian and fascist model of modernity. By 1933, films had replaced novels as the source of new models for youth. Fascist officials also recognized cinema's extraordinary communicative potential and granted films a central role in their attempts to transform ideologies and lifestyles. The government then established the documentary production center Istituto Luce and newsreels and instructional movies became frontline weapons in the bonifica campaigns that Mussolini's government unleashed on Italians.
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