Fascism’s Politics of Youth
This chapter examines the attempts made by Benito Mussolini's regime to apply its “therapeutic” politics to young intellectuals and explores how generational tensions within the dictatorship found expression in conflicting visions of fascist modernity. Though Mussolini showed little interest in grooming a successor ego, the government spared no resources to create a new leadership class and millions of new men and new women who would perpetuate fascist behaviors and values. From the early 1920s onwards, the Italian fascists pioneered techniques of mass socialization and political identity formation that would subsequently mark the youth policies of other European dictatorships.
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