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Fascist ModernitiesItaly, 1922-1945$
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Ruth Ben-Ghiat

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780520223639

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520223639.001.0001

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Conquest and Collaboration

Conquest and Collaboration

(p.123) 5 Conquest and Collaboration
Fascist Modernities

Ruth Ben-Ghiat

University of California Press

This chapter examines how the colonial enterprise and racial measures of the regime of Italian leader Benito Mussolini were received by the intellectual class, and looks at the cultural effects of the Rome-Berlin Axis. It analyzes how the Ethiopian War and the events that followed it influenced ongoing discourses and debates about Italian and fascist modernity. It highlights the links between foreign and cultural policies and underscores the national concerns that motivated some intellectuals to support measures that are sometimes viewed as anomalous to Italian society and Italian fascism. It suggests that the invasion of Ethiopia constituted a watershed in the history of the Italian regime and it also marked the apex of the fascist myth of national regeneration.

Keywords:   colonial enterprise, Benito Mussolini, intellectual class, cultural effects, Rome-Berlin Axis, Ethiopian War, Italian modernity, fascist modernity, Italian fascism, national regeneration

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