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Homosexuality in Greece and RomeA Sourcebook of Basic Documents$
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Thomas Hubbard

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780520223813

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520223813.001.0001

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Archaic Greek Lyric

Archaic Greek Lyric

Chapter:
(p.21) Chapter 1 Archaic Greek Lyric
Source:
Homosexuality in Greece and Rome
Author(s):

THOMAS K. HUBBARD

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520223813.003.0002

The homoerotic themes abound in Greek lyric poetry reflect an aristocratic culture in which homosexual relations were at home in the symposium, athletics, and even civic/religious ritual. The earliest surviving lyric poetry is by Archilochus. Archaic Greek lyric generally describes age-differential pederastic relations, although there is some evidence for relations or attractions among age-equal youths in Alcman, Theognis, and Pindar. Only one text seems unequivocally to describe attraction to a slave, but Anacreon's Cleobulus or Ibycus' Euryalus could also very well be slaves. Fragments from the poems by Archilochus, Alcman, Sappho, Solon, Anacreon, Ibycus, Theognis, Simonides, and Pindar are presented.

Keywords:   archaic Greek lyric, homosexual relations, Archilochus, Alcman, Sappho, Solon, Anacreon, Ibycus, Theognis

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