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A Nation of EmpireThe Ottoman Legacy of Turkish Modernity$
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Michael Meeker

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780520225268

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520225268.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 02 July 2022

Prohibition

Prohibition

Social Relations and Official Islam

Chapter:
(p.40) 2 Prohibition
Source:
A Nation of Empire
Author(s):

Michael E. Meeker

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520225268.003.0002

This chapter serves as the author's second account of his fieldwork in the district of Of. It introduces the term “hodja from Of,” which represents a stereotype for educated urbanites throughout the Turkish Republic. The chapter explains how the local elites and social thinking and practice are connected to Islamic belief and practice, and also examines the tradition of religious study, specifically its “upward” relationship to the state system and its “downward” relationship to ordinary townsmen and villagers. The question of why the hodjas specialized only in official Islam and neglected all its other versions is addressed.

Keywords:   hodja, educated urbanites, social thinking, local elites, Islamic belief, religious study, official Islam

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