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Harlem in MontmartreA Paris Jazz Story between the Great Wars$
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William Shack

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780520225374

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520225374.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 23 September 2021

Le Jazz-Cold

Le Jazz-Cold

The Silent Forties

(p.103) 6 Le Jazz-Cold
Harlem in Montmartre

William A. Shack

University of California Press

A trickle of African Americans began an exodus from Paris when war clouds gathered over western Europe. On 6 October 1939, one month after Germany attacked Poland—and Britain and France declared war against Germany—U.S. Consul General John Woods announced the order from American Ambassador to France William Christopher Bullitt: all Americans who could not prove they had important business in France were to leave. The wrenching bewilderment many in the black community felt in abandoning the city they called home anticipated the despair French citizens felt in their flight nine months later, as German troops were poised on the outskirts of Paris.

Keywords:   Paris, Nazi Germany, World War II, German occupation, blacks

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