Creating a Hindu Indian Identity in the United States
This chapter centers on the primary role of gender in the creation of ethnic cultures and communities among Hindu Indian immigrants. It begins by showing that gender constructs and relations are modified during immigration and settlement. These are considered crucial to the Hindu American ethnicity that was developed in the United States. The discussion then demonstrates that despite the validity of these two perspectives, each is partial because it looks at only one feature of the settlement process. It moves on to examine three religious organizations and describe Hinduism in America. The chapter then discusses the way gender selectivity in migration works to strengthen gender inequalities among those who are a part of subcultural Indian American communities. The last two sections in the chapter are concerned with the nature of the settlement process, gender ideology, and unequal gender work.
Keywords: ethnic cultures, Hindu Indian immigrants, gender constructs, immigration, settlement process, Hindu American ethnicity, religious organizations, gender selectivity, gender inequality, gender ideology
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