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Crusading PeaceChristendom, the Muslim World, and Western Political Order$
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Tomaz Mastnak

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780520226357

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520226357.001.0001

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From Holy Peace to Holy War

From Holy Peace to Holy War

(p.1) One From Holy Peace to Holy War
Crusading Peace

Tomaž Mastnak

University of California Press

This chapter provides an introduction to the concept of holy war, beginning by highlighting the fact that peace is the central issue of power, and that holy peace was no different. At the close of the tenth century and commencement of the eleventh, the pax Dei, a peace movement carried out in the name of god, emerged in the territories that today make up central France. The pax Dei then led to the treuga Dei—the truce of god. Protection of the church and the church property, of church dignitaries, of clerics and monks, and of livestock was the primary focus of all meetings seeking to establish the peace of god. The peace movement did not ban altogether, but limited, the sphere of licit use of arms. The crusade was the consummation of the peace movement and the realization of its ideals. Holy war in its broadest sense is war conceived of as a military action directly related to religion.

Keywords:   holy war, holy peace, pax Dei, central France, church

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