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Crusading PeaceChristendom, the Muslim World, and Western Political Order$
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Tomaz Mastnak

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780520226357

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520226357.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 28 September 2021

The Fall of the Papal Monarchy and the Rise of Territorial Power

The Fall of the Papal Monarchy and the Rise of Territorial Power

(p.229) Five The Fall of the Papal Monarchy and the Rise of Territorial Power
Crusading Peace

Tomaž Mastnak

University of California Press

This chapter explains how Papal monarchy sank with its banners flying high. The bull was a clear statement of Papal Monarchism, which described the church as the only monarchial structure, and also that only one shepherd and one sheepfold and one head of the one church held supreme power in the world. Boniface was resolute when he proclaimed that there was no one on earth who could judge the pope. The power given to the apostle Peter, whose successors were the popes, was divine. Those opposing the papal doctrine of power were accused of heresy. The bull was a declaration of fundamental principles regarding what the papal monarchists considered right. The representation of war in defense of the realm as religious war was facilitated by identification of the realm with patria. The Christian corpus mysticum took new shape in the French fatherland, and the sacred soil of France was assimilated to the Holy Land.

Keywords:   Papal monarchy, bull, Boniface, French fatherland, Holy Land, territorial power

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