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A Critical History of Early RomeFrom Prehistory to the First Punic War$
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Gary Forsythe and John Connelly

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780520226517

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520226517.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

Archaic Italy c. 800–500 b.c.

Archaic Italy c. 800–500 b.c.

(p.28) Chapter 2 Archaic Italy c. 800–500 B.C.
A Critical History of Early Rome

Gary Forsythe

University of California Press

This chapter presents a description of the cultural-historical background of Italy. Greek colonization in the West is covered. The primary purpose behind Greek colonization was to provide new economic opportunities for people of the Greek homeland. One principal factor contributing to the rise of the Etruscan civilization was the land's wealth in copper, iron, and, to a smaller degree, silver. Though of great importance, mineral resources alone did not account for the formation of Etruscan civilization. The growth and decline of Etruscan civilization are reviewed. The archaeological data concerning early Latium is also summarized. Latium's lack of mineral resources relative to Etruria meant that in general its communities were not as fully integrated into the commercial activities of the western Mediterranean.

Keywords:   Italy, Greek colonization, Etruscan civilization, Latium, Etruria, copper, iron, silver

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