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A Critical History of Early RomeFrom Prehistory to the First Punic War$
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Gary Forsythe and John Connelly

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780520226517

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520226517.001.0001

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Rome's Rise to Dominance, 366–300 b.c.

Rome's Rise to Dominance, 366–300 b.c.

(p.268) Chapter 9 Rome's Rise to Dominance, 366–300 B.C.
A Critical History of Early Rome

Gary Forsythe

University of California Press

This chapter is parallel to Livy Books VII–IX. The Romans' defeat of Tibur and their military operations in the vicinity of Privernum prompted the confederation of the Samnite tribes to conclude a treaty with Rome in 354 B.C. It is noted that Livy's account of the reluctance of the Roman senate and the behavior of the Campanians cannot be accepted. The consequences of Latin War are reported. The Second Samnite War falls into three distinct phases. The aftermath of the battle clearly shows that the Samnites inflicted a major defeat upon the Romans. The terms of the Philinus Treaty fit well with what is known about the situations in Italy and Sicily in 306–305 B.C. Then, the chapter discusses Roman aristocratic politics and factions by employing the prosopographical methods which have proven to be so useful in understanding the politics of the much-better-documented middle and late republic.

Keywords:   Livy Books, Rome, Tibur, Second Samnite War, Latin War, Philinus Treaty, Roman senate, Roman aristocratic politics

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