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The Jews of Britain, 1656 to 2000$
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Todd Endelman

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780520227194

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520227194.001.0001

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Poverty to Prosperity (1800–1870)

Poverty to Prosperity (1800–1870)

(p.79) Chapter 3 Poverty to Prosperity (1800–1870)
The Jews of Britain, 1656 to 2000

Todd M. Endelman

University of California Press

This chapter examines rise of the Jewish immigrants in England from poverty to prosperity during the period from 1800 to 1870. At the start of the nineteenth century, most Jews in England were immigrants or the children of immigrants who were dependent low-status street trades and popularly identified with crime and chicanery. But over the next 75 years the social character of the Jewish community was transformed dramatically that on the eve of mass migration from Eastern Europe, the majority of Jews in Britain were middle class. On the basis of this ascent from poverty to respectability, Jewish legal status, communal organization, and religious life also were transformed and Jewish identity was reshaped.

Keywords:   Jewish immigrants, England, poverty, prosperity, middle class, legal status, communal organization, religious life, Jewish identity

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