Evolve or Perish
With internal chaos and foreign aggression, China's urban intellectuals planned a vociferous attack on its traditional culture. China's political and cultural institutions were reevaluated, and later known as the New Culture Movement. This lasted eight years, addressing every aspect of Chinese society. The New Culture Movement exploded with a force that made it seem unprecedented, but the truth is, the groundwork and other plans for such iconoclasm were already laid decades before. Many of its radicals seized upon family reform as the key to unlocking the potential of China's youth and rebuilding the shattered Chinese nation, and it proposed a number of Western-inspired reforms. It also advocated the Western conjugal family ideal; it believed that the conjugal family had made the countries of the West strong because it encouraged productivity, independence, and civic culture. These radicals wanted China to evolve by rebuilding it with a Western blueprint.
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