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Translating PropertyThe Maxwell Land Grant and the Conflict over Land in the American West, 1840-1900$
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Maria Montoya

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780520227446

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520227446.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 31 July 2021

Regulating Land, Labor, and Bodies

Regulating Land, Labor, and Bodies

Mexican Married Women, Peones, and the Remains of Feudalism

(p.46) 2 Regulating Land, Labor, and Bodies
Translating Property

MaríA E. Montoya

University of California Press

Col. Stephen Watts Kearny was not merely conquering a Mexican province for the U.S. government when he primed the U.S. Army of the West into Santa Fe in 1846. The U.S. supporters of the war with Mexico justified the conflict in part as a way to free, if not re-create or regenerate, what would become the American Southwest from the Old World mire of debt-peonage labor, hacienda aristocracy, and the Catholic religion. Mexican War advocates believed that the U.S. had a moral obligation, indeed a Manifest Destiny, to replace Mexican feudalism and the patrón/peón relationship with small farms and free yeomen of the United States. To these Americans, the U.S. Mexican War was just one more instance of the liberalization that was sweeping the world in the late 1840s, culminating in 1848 with the Frankfurt Assembly, the barricades of Paris and Dresden, and the Hungarian uprising.

Keywords:   Santa Fe, Mexican War, patrón/peón, Paris, Dresden

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