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Lewis & ClarkLegacies, Memories, and New Perspectives$
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Kris Fresonke and Irene Bloemraad

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780520228399

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520228399.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 25 July 2021

“Twice-born” from the Waters: The Two-Hundred-Year Journey of the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Indians

“Twice-born” from the Waters: The Two-Hundred-Year Journey of the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Indians

Chapter:
(p.117) Chapter 5 “Twice-born” from the Waters: The Two-Hundred-Year Journey of the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Indians
Source:
Lewis & Clark
Author(s):

Raymond Cross

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520228399.003.0006

This chapter assesses Lewis and Clark using the perspective of the Native Americans, specifically the Arikara, the Mandan, and the Hidatsa. Lewis and Clark encountered these Native Americans during the expedition and introduced both disease and treaties to these groups. It describes the struggles of these Native Americans to regain the autonomy and strength that they possessed during their encounter with Lewis and Clark. The chapter also decenters the “historic” significance of Lewis and Clark by looking at their efforts from a tribal perspective and suggests that Lewis and Clark may have brought minor tragedies into these Native American groups.

Keywords:   Native Americans, Arikara, Mandan, Hidatsa, disease, treaties, tribal perspective, historic significance, Lewis and Clark

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