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The City as SubjectSeki Hajime and the Reinvention of Modern Osaka$
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Jeffrey Hanes

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780520228498

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520228498.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 24 September 2021

Toward a Modern Moral Economy

Toward a Modern Moral Economy

(p.127) 4 Toward a Modern Moral Economy
The City as Subject

John Mason Hart

University of California Press

This chapter documents the Japanese industrial development and issues in the Meiji Era, and gives an insight into how historians continue to debate on the importance of proto-industrialization, government-owned enterprise, and social capitalism. Before the chemical industries and machinery took off during the First World War, Japan was dominating the textile industry, and most of its industrial workers were women. In 1909, women laborers constituted 62 percent of all factory laborers, and in 1930, they still presented 52.6 percent. Issues were raised because the growing numbers of female workers were mostly underage. This kind of issue aroused the policymakers and moral-issue commentators, and as a result, the government responded initially by placing severe restrictions on union recruitment and public assembly under the Public Peace Police Law of 1900.

Keywords:   Japanese industrial development, economy, social capitalism

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