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Public Lands and Political MeaningRanchers, the Government, and the Property between Them$
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Karen Merrill

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780520228627

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520228627.001.0001

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Sovereignty of the State, or the States?

Sovereignty of the State, or the States?

(p.103) Chapter 4 Sovereignty of the State, or the States?
Public Lands and Political Meaning

Karen R. Merrill

University of California Press

This chapter investigates how the conflict over fees helped propel the political discussion of the public lands in new directions. It also presents the grazing debates, leading up to the passage of the Taylor Grazing Act. Within two years, the Taylor Grazing Act passed with relatively little trouble through both chambers of Congress. The Forest Service figured in the Garfield Committee's report as the bad child of the federal conservation program. The power of states' rights drew its inflammatory character both from the nineteenth-century language of western states' sovereignty and from opposition to federal management and expertise. The influence of state's rights ideas on the heels of the grazing fee conflict would have tremendous ramifications for public grazing policy in the next decade.

Keywords:   public lands, grazing fee, Taylor Grazing Act, Forest Service, Garfield Committee, federal conservation, states' rights, sovereignty, public grazing

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