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War, Memory, and the Politics of HumorThe Canard Enchaine  and World War I$
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Allen Douglas

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780520228764

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520228764.001.0001

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Satire and Censorship

Satire and Censorship

(p.20) (p.21) 1 Satire and Censorship
War, Memory, and the Politics of Humor

Allen Douglas

University of California Press

This chapter takes a look at the Canard Enchaîné, a satirical weekly that was founded in 1915. It used verbal and visual irony to avoid the censors, and divided its articles between the ridicule of the Central Powers and patriotic support of the common soldier, and a developing antimilitarism that remained on the safe side of explicitness. The chapter shows that the war that led to the creation of the Canard and the development of its distinctive style also forced its pacifism into a rather unstable union with a sincere support for the soldiers.

Keywords:   Canard Enchaîné, satirical weekly, verbal irony, visual irony, censors, Central Powers, patriotic support, antimilitarism, pacifism

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