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War, Memory, and the Politics of HumorThe Canard Enchaine  and World War I$
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Allen Douglas

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780520228764

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520228764.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 23 September 2021

Peace or Postwar

Peace or Postwar

The Next Last War

(p.116) 7 Peace or Postwar
War, Memory, and the Politics of Humor

Allen Douglas

University of California Press

This chapter studies how peace and the abolition of the censor paved the way for the Canard to become slightly less openly pacifist and frankly antimilitarist. It shows that about a year after the peace treaty was signed, the weekly started to air its pessimism through a pun that eventually became a topos. The writers manipulated the dual meanings of the phrase la dernière guerre, which means the most recent war, and invented the phrase prochaine dernière guerre, or “next last war.” The Canard not only attacked those who criticized the efforts at Franco-German rapprochement and who continued to trade in anti-German hysteria, but also cynically greeted the peace offensives of Aristide Briand.

Keywords:   abolition of censor, peace treaty, pessimism, anti-German hysteria, Aristide Briand, Franco-German rapprochement

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