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Empire at the MarginsCulture, Ethnicity, and Frontier in Early Modern China$
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Pamela KyleCrossley

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780520230156

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520230156.001.0001

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Ethnicity in the Qing Eight Banners

Ethnicity in the Qing Eight Banners

(p.27) 1 Ethnicity in the Qing Eight Banners
Empire at the Margins

James A. Millward

Mark C. Elliott

University of California Press

Cui Zhilu's actions and attitudes raise a number of questions regarding the operation of categories of identity in the Eight Banners, questions that form the subject of this chapter: How should one understand such categories as “Manchu,” “Mongol,” and “Hanjun”? Did they signify modes of identity we might understand as “ethnic”? The importance of the Eight Banners was not limited to what they represented in terms of military force. In administering for over three centuries the coalition of various northern frontier populations that brought off the Qing conquest in 1644, the banners played a central part both in constructing Qing identities and in maintaining Qing power into the twentieth century.

Keywords:   Cui Zhilu, Eight Banners, Mongol, Manchu, Hanjun, military force, Qing conquest

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