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Empire at the MarginsCulture, Ethnicity, and Frontier in Early Modern China$
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Pamela KyleCrossley

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780520230156

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520230156.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

The Qing and Islam on the Western Frontier

The Qing and Islam on the Western Frontier

(p.112) (p.113) 4 The Qing and Islam on the Western Frontier
Empire at the Margins

James A. Millward

Laura J. Newby

University of California Press

This chapter delineates some of the main forces influencing ethnic definition in Xinjiang. In particular, it focuses on two liminal groups: the Turkic Muslim officials, or begs, who served in the Qing government, and the Tungans (Hanhui), or Sino-Muslims, who migrated to Xinjiang from the northwestern provinces of the Chinese heartland. The chapter aims demonstrate the tensions between Islam and the Qing imperial system. At the same time, it argues that from the mid-eighteenth to the mid-nineteenth century, although concerned with questions of identity and loyalty, the Qing imperial state did not promote Chinese cultural or political forms for their own sake, or attempt to assimilate Xinjiang inhabitants to the ways of China.

Keywords:   Xinjiang, Sino-Muslims, Turkic Muslim officials, Qing government, Tungans, Islam, Qing imperial system

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