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CactiBiology and Uses$
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Park Nobel

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780520231573

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520231573.001.0001

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Cactus Pear Fruit Production

Cactus Pear Fruit Production

(p.163) Chapter 10 Cactus Pear Fruit Production

Paolo Inglese

Filadelfio Basile

Mario Schirra

University of California Press

Many species of the Cactaceae produce edible fruits. Among the approximately 1,600 species in this family, the genus Opuntia has the most relevant role in agriculture. The cactus pear (Opuntia ficus-indica [L.] Mill.) is cultivated for fruit production in all continents except Antarctica. The main producing country is Mexico, with a production of over 345,000 tons fresh mass year-1 on about 70,000 ha of specialized plantations. This chapter outlines the basics of cactus pear cultivation, including site selection, cultivars, harvesting, fruit productivity, and fruit quality, and also discusses the economic features, postharvest physiology, and postharvest fruit management.

Keywords:   Cactaceae, Opuntia ficus-indica, Mexico, cactus pear cultivation, postharvest fruit management

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