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CactiBiology and Uses$
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Park Nobel

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780520231573

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520231573.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 23 October 2019

Breeding and Biotechnology

Breeding and Biotechnology

Chapter:
(p.255) Chapter 15 Breeding and Biotechnology
Source:
Cacti
Author(s):

Brad Chapman

Candelario Mondragon Jacobo

Ronald A. Bunch

Andrew H. Paterson

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520231573.003.0015

Cacti are well adapted to arid and semiarid regions where food and fodder crops are limited. Their ability to thrive in these environments makes them of immediate interest to breeders and molecular biologists seeking to develop crops for areas unsuitable for conventional agriculture. This chapter focuses on plant breeding and biotechnology research on the fruit-bearing group Opuntia, although the techniques, methods, and concepts presented are transferable to most of the Cactaceae. The objectives of breeding and biotechnology include the following: (1) expanding the production area into new environments, (2) improving the quality and productivity of cacti to expand into new markets, and (3) adding new traits to allow the development of new uses for cacti. The chapter also reviews the molecular work done on cacti and proposes a plan for the development of molecular tools for cacti utilizing the work done on traditional crop species.

Keywords:   cacti, plant breeding, biotechnology, Opuntia, Cactaceae

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