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Ancient TiticacaThe Evolution of Complex Society in Southern Peru and Northern Bolivia$
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Charles Stanish

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780520232457

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520232457.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 04 August 2021

The Origins and Elaboration of Rank in the Early and Middle Formative Periods

The Origins and Elaboration of Rank in the Early and Middle Formative Periods

Chapter:
(p.99) Chapter 6 The Origins and Elaboration of Rank in the Early and Middle Formative Periods
Source:
Ancient Titicaca
Author(s):

Charles Stanish

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520232457.003.0006

This chapter examines the origins and evolution of ranked society in the Early and Middle Formative Periods in the Titicaca Basin. It explains that during Early Formative, sites were small, homogeneous and scattered over the landscape in a manner that optimized natural resources. During the Middle Formative, some of these sites grew in size relative to the rest of the villages in their immediate area. The Middle Formative also witnessed the formation of two cultural traditions in the north and south Titicaca Basin: the Chiripa and Qaluyu. This chapter suggests that the development of ranked societies in the region at this time is materially evident in the creation of a new architectural style, the development of fancy pottery traditions, the carving and erecting of stelae, and the development of at least a two-tiered site size hierarchy.

Keywords:   ranked society, Titicaca Basin, cultural traditions, Chiripa, Qaluyu, architectural style

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