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China's New NationalismPride, Politics, and Diplomacy$
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Peter Hays Gries

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780520232976

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520232976.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 05 June 2020

A “Century of Humiliation”

A “Century of Humiliation”

(p.43) Chapter 3 A “Century of Humiliation”
China's New Nationalism

Peter Hays Gries

University of California Press

This chapter focuses on China's century-long national humiliation. It describes Xia Ziyi's 1996 painting The Awakened Lion with calligraphy which states that “the sleeping lion has awoken, erasing the national humiliation.” Xia explained that China's past national humiliation at the hands of Western imperialism can be erased with an “angry roar.” The chapter suggests that the re-emergence of this victim narrative in China has had real consequences for Sino-American and Sino-Japanese relations, and that many Chinese nationalists are primed to view American or Japanese actions as aggressive.

Keywords:   China, national humiliation, Xia Ziyi, Awakened Lion, Western imperialism, victim narrative, Sino-American relations, Sino-Japanese relations

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