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History DerailedCentral and Eastern Europe in the Long Nineteenth Century$
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Ivan Berend

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780520232990

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520232990.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 27 September 2021

The Challenge of the Rising West and the Lack of Response in the “Sleeping” East

The Challenge of the Rising West and the Lack of Response in the “Sleeping” East

Chapter:
(p.5) Chapter 1 The Challenge of the Rising West and the Lack of Response in the “Sleeping” East
Source:
History Derailed
Author(s):

Ivan T. Berend

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520232990.003.0002

This chapter takes a longue durée approach that embraces an even longer period by comparing the different historical paths of Western and Central and Eastern Europe from the sixteenth to the early nineteenth centuries. Unlike Holland and Britain, absolutist France established its economy by state interventionism and became the model mercantilist state. A widespread new concept of human society and the universe, a new value system and a new way of thinking, emerged in the West. When the centralized Ottoman system began to decline, the situation worsened. The revolutionary ideas of the West began to infiltrate the “sleeping” countries of the European periphery, albeit only among the relatively small group of enlightened nobility. A modern Western Europe emerged and became the world's first highly industrialized zone. Reform and modernization became the leitmotivs of the region's history in the nineteenth century.

Keywords:   Western Europe, Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Ottoman system, mercantilist state, reform, modernization

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