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Making SweatshopsThe Globalization of the U.S. Apparel Industry$
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Ellen IsraelRosen

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780520233362

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520233362.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 19 October 2019

The New Global Apparel Trade

The New Global Apparel Trade

Who Wins, Who Loses?

(p.220) 12 The New Global Apparel Trade
Making Sweatshops

Ellen Israel Rosen

University of California Press

This chapter addresses the winners and the losers of the globalization of the apparel industry. Executives and managers of the large retail and apparel transnationals have clearly been winners, while those who have been displaced from their jobs, mostly the women who now work in the industry's sweatshops are some of the losers. Job losses, wage reductions, and sweatshops are a result of “race to the bottom.” The dilemmas of globalization and the “new international division of labor” are then explained. The pressure to open new markets in lower and lower wage regions of the world has led to a Darwinian struggle, which is producing a race to the bottom. In general, it is hoped that this book will be part of a larger effort to ensure that a significant part of the new and emerging global labor force, women apparel workers, will be able to earn a living wage.

Keywords:   apparel industry, globalization, sweatshops, global labor force, women apparel workers, job losses, wage reductions

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