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Making SweatshopsThe Globalization of the U.S. Apparel Industry$
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Ellen IsraelRosen

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780520233362

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520233362.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 02 July 2022

Trade Liberalization for Textiles and Apparel

Trade Liberalization for Textiles and Apparel

The Impact of NAFTA

(p.153) 9 Trade Liberalization for Textiles and Apparel
Making Sweatshops

Ellen Israel Rosen

University of California Press

This chapter provides a discussion of the history and implementation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). It has facilitated the growth of a vertically integrated textile and apparel complex in Mexico increasingly owned and controlled by U.S. textile and apparel transnationals. The Special Regime was intended to support the growth of Mexico's export-processing sector and the country's expanding maquiladoras, at the expense of its domestic producers. NAFTA has made Mexico a serious competitor to the Caribbean Basin countries as a site for production of apparel for export to U.S. markets. The influence of trade liberalization on Latin America is described. When the new regime of global sourcing replaced the older quota system, the U.S. textile and apparel complex was confronted by a large and growing textile-and apparel-producing industry in selected Caribbean Basin countries and in Mexico.

Keywords:   North American Free Trade Agreement, trade liberalization, textile, apparel, Caribbean Basin countries, U.S. markets, Mexico

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