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American BisonA Natural History$
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Dale Lott, Jan van Wagtendonk, and Kevin Shaffer

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780520233386

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520233386.001.0001

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Then and Now

(p.185) Chapter 24 Conservation
American Bison

Dale F. Lott

University of California Press

Andy Hodge was the first superintendent of the National Bison Range, the first refuge created specifically to prevent wild bison from becoming extinct. Conservation then was mostly a matter of making sure the few animals that remained were not lost to poachers. Samuel Walking Coyote wasn't the first man to keep calves and sell bison. As early as 1870 a few men had captured a few calves and let them breed. In those days, private ownership was the bison's best chance for survival. At the National Bison Range, success in the first stage of conserving bison eventually brought the welcome problem of too many bison. More than 90 percent of the bison in North America today are undergoing domestication.

Keywords:   Andy Hodge, poaching, bison conservation, Samuel Walking Coyote, private ownership, National Bison Range, North America, domestication

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