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Heroes of EmpireFive Charismatic Men and the Conquest of Africa$
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Edward Berenson

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780520234277

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520234277.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 01 August 2021

Jean-Baptiste Marchand, Fashoda, and the Dreyfus Affair

Jean-Baptiste Marchand, Fashoda, and the Dreyfus Affair

(p.166) Five Jean-Baptiste Marchand, Fashoda, and the Dreyfus Affair
Heroes of Empire

Edward Berenson

University of California Press

The Dreyfus Affair threatened to split France apart. The charges against Captain Alfred Dreyfus were false, and anti-Semitism had played no small part in both the accusation of treason and the solitary confinement and other harsh punishments he endured. Jean-Baptiste Marchand, the “hero of Fashoda,” returned from his long African trip. Nationalists hoped Marchand's immense popularity and African military experience would make him the ideal leader of a rightist counterrevolution. The heroes of the Third Republic were above all colonial heroes, and the extraordinary dangers they faced in Africa made it easy to portray them as martyring themselves for France. Fashoda became the first great European crisis to take place under the full spotlight of a mass medium. Marchand's heroic image had helped bring a measure of unity to a long-divided France.

Keywords:   Dreyfus Affair, Captain Alfred Dreyfus, Fashoda, Jean-Baptiste Marchand, France, Third Republic, Africa

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