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Violence WorkersPolice Torturers and Murderers Reconstruct Brazilian Atrocities$
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Martha Huggins, Mika Haritos-Fatouros, and Philip Zimbardo

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780520234468

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520234468.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 04 August 2021

Blended Masculinity

Blended Masculinity

(p.118) Chapter 8 Blended Masculinity
Violence Workers

Martha K. Hugginsv

Mika Haritos-Fatouros

Philip G. Zimbardo

University of California Press

This chapter describes violence workers in Brazil whose masculinity presentations were a combination of personalistic and institutional functionary masculinities, as well as a new synthesis of them. It investigates how the multiplicity of masculinities within Brazil's atrocity system functioned to obscure and legitimize official violence by structuring images of the state's relationship to it. The chapter explains that unlike the other two types of police, the central structural characteristic of those with blended masculinity is their ease of movement between formal and informal social control systems. They routinely carried out atrocities on duty as working cops, and off duty as paid rent-a-cops for businesses and as private vigilantes—whether as lone wolves or as part of a death squad.

Keywords:   masculinity, violence workers, Brazil, atrocity system, social control systems, rent-a-cops, private vigilantes

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