Pogroms in Azerbaijan
Riots and pogroms ignited in Armenia, both in Sumgait and the capital city, Baku. Due to these kinds of violence, Armenians were forced to leave. Before the Sumgait pogroms, Armenians had lived amicably among Azerbaijan nationals for more than a half century, in spite of the Turkish massacres in 1918. Armenians are a friendly and civilized people, which is why they were shocked when they suddenly became a target of Azerbaijan aggression when they sought independence for Nagorno-Karabakh and Yerevan. However, they ignored the attacks because they had a good relationship with their Azeri neighbors. As violence continued to grow, pogroms started to spread in Baku, and civil disturbances against Armenians continued until 1989. The Armenian cathedral in Baku, which is a symbol of Armenian identity, was burned. Intimidation and hostility towards Armenians intensified because of their claims for independence in Nagorno-Karabakh.
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