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Amphibian DeclinesThe Conservation Status of United States Species$
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Michael Lannoo

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780520235922

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520235922.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 15 October 2019

Critical Areas

Critical Areas

Chapter:
(p.247) Thirty-Five Critical Areas
Source:
Amphibian Declines
Author(s):

Hugh R. Quinn

Colleen Scott

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0035

Ohio is home to fourteen species and subspecies of frogs and toads, and twenty-six species of salamanders. Nine families are represented among these two groups, demonstrating the high level of amphibian diversity within the state. Disturbingly, broad-ranging, common species such as Fowler's toads (Bufo fowleri) and Blanchard's cricket frogs (Acris crepitans blanchardi) have recently disappeared from certain portions of their ranges in Ohio and other states. This alarming trend in population declines of an array of amphibian species in and around Ohio indicates that additional conservation measures are needed within the state, not only for endangered species, but for all species. This chapter discusses practical methods, thought processes, and other considerations to stimulate establishment of a reserve network for all Ohio amphibian species based on distribution. Specifically, it evaluates areas critical for amphibian conservation by defining biological “hotspots,” defining a minimum reserve network (minimum number of reserves) to conserve all Ohio amphibians, and assessing the use of existing protected land in forming an amphibian reserve network.

Keywords:   Ohio, frogs, toads, amphibians, population declines, conservation, endangered species, biological hotspots, protected land, reserve network

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