Ohio is home to fourteen species and subspecies of frogs and toads, and twenty-six species of salamanders. Nine families are represented among these two groups, demonstrating the high level of amphibian diversity within the state. Disturbingly, broad-ranging, common species such as Fowler's toads (Bufo fowleri) and Blanchard's cricket frogs (Acris crepitans blanchardi) have recently disappeared from certain portions of their ranges in Ohio and other states. This alarming trend in population declines of an array of amphibian species in and around Ohio indicates that additional conservation measures are needed within the state, not only for endangered species, but for all species. This chapter discusses practical methods, thought processes, and other considerations to stimulate establishment of a reserve network for all Ohio amphibian species based on distribution. Specifically, it evaluates areas critical for amphibian conservation by defining biological “hotspots,” defining a minimum reserve network (minimum number of reserves) to conserve all Ohio amphibians, and assessing the use of existing protected land in forming an amphibian reserve network.
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