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Amphibian DeclinesThe Conservation Status of United States Species$
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Michael Lannoo

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780520235922

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520235922.001.0001

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Creating Habitat Reserves for Migratory Salamanders

Creating Habitat Reserves for Migratory Salamanders

(p.260) Thirty-Six Creating Habitat Reserves for Migratory Salamanders
Amphibian Declines

Suzanne C. Fowle

Scott M. Melvin

University of California Press

Habitat fragmentation results in the reduction and isolation of amphibian populations and the subsequent increased risk of local extinction. While local extinctions are often part of amphibian population dynamics, amphibian populations persist because such extirpations are compensated for by recolonization and the resulting rescue effect. However, the fragmentation of amphibian habitats inhibits dispersal and thereby hinders or prevents the rescue effect. Massachusetts provides a prime example of this conservation challenge and of the need to protect connected habitat complexes for amphibians, especially for migratory salamanders. An effective strategy for statewide conservation of ambystomatids involves proactive protection of habitats, rather than solely relying on regulations. Initially, the effectiveness of habitat reserves and the process of designing them may be limited by a lack of empirical data to guide efforts. Due to limited information on upland habitat use and dispersal distances of these animals, there is a certain degree of uncertainty in designing reserves for ambystomatids.

Keywords:   Massachusetts, habitats, habitat fragmentation, habitat reserves, conservation, migratory salamanders, ambystomatids, dispersal, habitat use

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