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What Justice? Whose Justice?Fighting for Fairness in Latin America$
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Susan Eva Eckstein and Timothy Wickham-Crowley

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780520237445

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520237445.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

Social Justice and the New Indigenous Politics

Social Justice and the New Indigenous Politics

An Analysis of Guatemala, the Central Andes, and Chiapas

(p.257) CHAPTER TEN Social Justice and the New Indigenous Politics
What Justice? Whose Justice?

Susan Eva Eckstein

Timothy P. Wickham-Crowley

University of California Press

This chapter appraises the initiative and activism practiced by the Latin American indigenous populations in achieving social justice, in recognition of difference. This end has been reached through emphasis on class/economic issues and cultural identity. The colonization of South America commenced a thorough disruption in the community and autonomous lives of the indigenous population. The dominant approach to indigenous affairs since the 1930s may be called indigenismo, a movement among white or mestizo intellectuals that affirms the indigenous heritage of Latin America while advocating the integration of the indigenous into the mestizo nation. In the Chaco War (1932–35), indigenous peoples were politically mobilized in Bolivia and Paraguay for the first time, especially in Bolivia, where the mobilization led to their being treated, for the first time, as part of the nation. This was followed by the subsequent formation of peasants unions and the great revolution (1952).

Keywords:   indigenous population, indigenismo, mestizo, Chaco War, mobilization

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