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What Justice? Whose Justice?Fighting for Fairness in Latin America$
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Susan Eva Eckstein and Timothy Wickham-Crowley

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780520237445

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520237445.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 23 July 2021

The War of the Peace

The War of the Peace

Indigenous Women's Struggle for Social Justice in Chiapas, Mexico

(p.285) CHAPTER ELEVEN The War of the Peace
What Justice? Whose Justice?

Susan Eva Eckstein

Timothy P. Wickham-Crowley

University of California Press

Counterinsurgency warfare is characterized by pan-social militarization with armed men assuming the role of police, judge, executioner, and even social-welfare agents. Women become particular targets as their very presence in military controlled spaces constitutes a challenge to the military's authority, and hence is punishable by rape/killing. Records of huge bodycounts instigated public outrage, prompting the US to curtail military aid to Latin American countries. While this certainly minimized the bodycount, the disintegration of fabric of civil society was accelerated by the military. As the group most involved in production for basic subsistence, smallplot cultivators, mostly women, were particularly threatened by the militarization of the region. Against this backdrop, Zapatista guerillas fought for undelivered promises of the past revolution. Zapatista women, in addition, sought an end to all forms of hierarchy, including male dominance at home. Zapatista women tended to be the most persistent opponents of the military in the counterinsurgency struggles.

Keywords:   counterinsurgency warfare, smallplot cultivators, Zapatista, rape, militarization, civil society

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