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Seeing through ZenEncounter, Transformation, and Genealogy in Chinese Chan Buddhism$
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John McRae

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780520237971

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520237971.001.0001

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Metropolitan Chan

Metropolitan Chan

Imperial Patronage and the Chan Style

Chapter:
(p.45) Chapter 3 Metropolitan Chan
Source:
Seeing through Zen
Author(s):

John R. McRae

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520237971.003.0003

In the first half of the eighth century, the cities of Chang'an and Luoyang in northern China were the greatest urban centers in the world. The Chang'an walls formed a nearly square rectangle enclosing a neatly ordered set of government centers, market areas, and neighborhoods. For students of Chan Buddhism, Luoyang is also known as the city just north of Mount Song, with which Bodhidharma had been associated since at least 645. This chapter discusses imperial patronage and the Chan style during the metropolitan Chan, Shenhui's campaign against the “Northern School” and his attack on Shenxiu's students, the Oxhead school and the crisis between the Northern and Southern schools, the Platform Sūtra as the climax text of early Chan, Huineng and the evolution of Chan, and three major events in the eighth century that significantly altered the evolution of Chan.

Keywords:   Chan Buddhism, China, metropolitan Chan, Shenhui, Shenxiu, Chang'an, Luoyang, imperial patronage, Oxhead school, Platform Sūtra

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