This chapter studies what happened between the end of the council and the 1974 study. A youth culture had spawned drug abuse, rock and roll music, sexual promiscuity, and disrespect for the authority. This culture had infiltrated the Church and was responsible for the catastrophic change in Catholic belief and practice. Even those in their sixties changed their minds about birth control, divorce, and premarital sex. Before the Council there was a vigorous Church domination of the people who kept the rules but after the Council there was confusion and chaos. The Council was to blame. After the Council and until 1968, Church attendance had increased but if one takes into account changing attitudes on sex and authority, it accords for all the other declines—attendance at Mass, confession, contributions and support for vocations. There are two major tendencies in interpretation of the Second Vatican Council. The first, which dominated the Vatican at the end of the second millennium, is that the Council was an occurrence, a meeting of the bishops of the world, who enacted certain reforms and clarified certain doctrines. The second interpretation holds that the Council was a momentous event and one of the most important events in the history of Catholicism.
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