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Alexander the Great and the Mystery of the Elephant Medallions$
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Frank Holt

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780520238817

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520238817.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 26 June 2022

A Treasure

A Treasure

(p.23) Two A Treasure
Alexander the Great and the Mystery of the Elephant Medallions

Frank L. Holt

University of California Press

The Oxus had a potent influence on the imaginations of men in the nineteenth century. It was rumored that rich deposits of gold lay unmolested along its banks, and that the actual descendants of Alexander the Great lived near its upper reaches. Russian archaeologists argue that the Oxus Treasure was buried in ancient times by the priests of a Zoroastrian temple located nearby at a place now called Takht-i Sangin (“The Throne of Stone”). It is shown that Franks indeed purchased the medallion during the buying frenzy set off by the Oxus Treasure, and that it was reported (or assumed) by him to have come from the hoard. In precisely the period when the Oxus Treasure came to light, a Bactrian coin was found that proved that one of Eucratides' contemporaries—the rival king Agathocles—had paid homage to Alexander by putting the hero's portrait on silver coins.

Keywords:   Oxus Treasure, The Throne of Stone, Alexander the Great, Zoroastrian temple, Bactrian coin, Eucratides

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