This chapter focuses on the advancement and modernization of Chechens after resettlements. On January 9, 1957, the presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet passed a decree on reconstituting the Checheno-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. The restoration of the Checheno-Ingush Republic was carried out fairly quickly. The decades of the 1960s through the 1980s saw the formation of a new society in Checheno-Ingushetiya. The demographic balance among the main ethnic groups by then had radically changed. These years saw a rise in modern industry within the republic, particularly in the oil, gas, energy, and engineering industries. The republic's economy fell primarily into two sectors: the Russian and the indigenous, which is comprised of low-productivity agriculture, migrant labor, and the criminal sphere. In the indigenous sector, the paradox was that the industry and transport sectors badly needed more workers, particularly trained specialists, but because of ethnic discrimination, little was done to engage Chechen and Ingush youths in these Welds.
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